transkulturelle automatismen, transcultural automatism, transkulturelle philosophie, transcultural philosophy, transkulturelle kompetenz, transcultural competence

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The Manucsript "Transcultural Automatisms: Philosophy-Competence-Methods" is being prepared for a book publication (in German. English version will follow). More information coming soon...

READ ARTICLE "Transcultural Competence" here.

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Already published Books (Topics: Islamic Philosophy, Intercultural Philosophy//Ethics/Aesthetics//Metaphysics):

Bilder und Tätowierungen im Islam.Eine Einführung in die Ethik und Ästhetik des Polytheismusverbots

For a Philosophy of Aniconism in the Islam Islamisches Bilderverbot vom Mittel- bis ins Digitalzeitalter Das Bilderverbot im Islam. Eine Einführung Zabrana figurativne umjetnosti u Islamu





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The Manucsript "Transkulturelle Automatismen: Philosophie-Kompetenz-Methoden" (engl.: "Transcultural Automatisms. Philosophy-Competence-Methods). More information coming soon...



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FOR A PHILOSOPHY OF ANICONISM IN THE ISLAM. In this first ENGLISH BOOK about (islamic) philosophy and the topic of ANICONISM IN ISLAM the interested readers will be informed about the existence, the sense as well as the qualitative but not quantitative effect of the aniconistic aesthetics of life, for god, the almighty creator of existence. aniconism is much more then a ban of pictures! Is there also  a sonnection between atomism, tatoos, ruh, ihjaz, materialism and jahiliyya?

ISBN-10: 978-3-7000-0785-2 | ISBN-13: 978-3-8258-1051-1 PRICE: 14,90€



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"Bilder und Tätowierungen im Islam. Eine Einführung in die Ethik und Ästhetik des Polytheismusverbots"(Language: GERMAN).

Title Transl: Images and tattoos in Islam. An introduction to ethics and aesthetics of the ban of polytheism" (109 pages / 30 images). ISBN-10: 3643500874 | ISBN-13: 978-3643500878

Blurb transl.: This is the first book which is devoted to the question of the tattoo and its ban in Islam in a philosophical way closely subjected to relevant quotations from the Koran and the Hadith. Moreover, in this context, the following topics are presented: ban of images, environment and animal rights, grave statues, funeral ceremonies and photography. It’s the author’s goal to present, as in previous books, a new approach the Islamic concept of philosophy, even ethics and aesthetics, and art theory in Islam. The book contains about 30 illustrating images.


The book starts with a preface by Prof. Dr. Oliver Leaman about the author’s intentions and subject and an example of aniconism in Jewish tradition is given. After the introduction, the character and the meaning of aniconism in Islam are discussed. The ban of images is an important factor for the viewing of Islamic art. This introduction to the concept and philosophy of the ban of polytheism in Islam is very essential for an understanding of the ban of tattoos. Thoughts about modifications in the God’s creation and the Islamic principle of “You cannot create life!” are brought into context. Again and again, extracts from the main sources of Islam are cited. Furthermore, issues of environment and animal rights, which are all linked to Islamic philosophy of the ban of polytheism, are closely based on Chinese philosophy. In another paragraph, the ban of images is described in terms of the ban of polytheism and is illustrated with relevant sources. Several philosophical theses and the so-called “atomic theory” in Islam are discussed. The impact of the innovations of age of industrial revolution, modernism and modern media on the ban of polytheism and on the aniconism in Islam are shown. The era of foundation of aniconism in Islam and special funeral ceremony, which are linked to the issue, are discussed and described to get a deep insight into the daily life of Muslims. The book closes with a summary of the philosophy of the ban of polytheism in Islam and a conclusion.



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"Islamisches Bilderverbot vom Mittel- bis ins Digitalzeitalter"(Language: GERMAN)

Title Transl.:"Aniconism in Islam from the middle ages to digital ages" (136 pages / 4 images). ISBN-10: 3-8258-9597-1 | ISBN-13: 978-3825895976

Blurb transl.: This book is probably the most thorough work about this topic in a “Western” language. Pre-Islamic ban of images, trends, philosophical, ethical, epistemological, and metaphysical issues and also ban of films (e.g. "Matrix Reloaded") are discussed, beside of the following topics: anthropology of the image, rock carvings, web aesthetics, mirror-metaphor, free will, mimesis, photography, film, TV, Internet, degrees of the illusion by moving pictures, live broadcast, shadow theatres of Wayang Kulit and Wayang Golek, the puppet show Karagöz and the ban of tattoos in Islam.


The book starts with an introduction by Prof. Dr. Stephan Procházka about the author’s intentions and subject of the work. This book is divided into six chapters; chapter 6 discusses types of traditions in relation to the implementation of the remaining chapters and lists relevant references. Chapter 1 is divided into six paragraphs; it starts with an introduction of pre-Islamic beliefs and possible links to other subjects of philosophy, cultures or religions. Chapter 2 focuses on systematic classification and on the introduction of methodological approaches to the topic. Ethics are commented and art, meditation, epistemology, and meditative exercises are presented as methodological approaches. Taking also ancient Greek philosophy into account, the introduction of the mirror-metaphor and the five theories of predestination, free will and mysticism closes the chapter. In chapter 3 aesthetics are discussed, the concept of mimesis, beauty and harmony are described and focused also on linguistic problems about the topic relevant figural systems. Followed by an introduction to the nine most important explanations about aniconism in Islam, that can be found in literature, anthropology of the images and as well as approaches to guides of handling of the topic. This chapter closes with interpretation about documents from Islamic (legal) literature, and with a presentation of the shadow puppet theatre of Wayang Kulit and Wayang Golek. Chapter 4 deals with modern media and the impacts of photography on aniconism in Islam, starting with the history of photography in regions dominated by Islamic beliefs and closing with comments on contemporary photos in Islam. Then, philosophy of photography, the link between magic and photography, funeral ceremonies with special aspects on photography and finally the topic of colors are introduced. Movie, cinema and television and topics about aesthetics in the Internet are discussed as far as aniconism in Islam is concerned. The chapter closes with a focus on political visualization, television broadcast, the importance of light and banned films (e.g. “Matrix”). The book closes with a conclusion and an annotated appendix.



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"Das Bilderverbot im Islam. Eine Einführung"(Image/picture ban in Islam. An Introdcution)(LANGUAGE: GERMAN)

blurb transl.: The subject of the picture ban in Islam is presented by his origins (preislamic picture ban trends) till the present (effects of the picture ban among Muslims today). The main literature sources of the picture ban (quran, tradition) as well as problems and possible solutions are introduced under inclusion of the question: What is forbidden, actually, and why? Is there a such ban maybe in the quoran? Or only in the Hadith from which about 200 deal in any manner with the subject? How is the ban founded? Is the imagemaking forbidden in general or does concern it only the representation by people? What do the Arabian-Islamic philosophers say on this subject?




Short pre-word was written by Ao. Univ.-Prof. Dr.Franz Martin Wimmer(Institute for Philosophy, University Vienna).

ISBN-10:382888766X | ISBN-13: 978-3828887664 PRICE: 24,90€



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"Das Bilderverbot im Islam. Eine Einführung"(Image/picture ban in Islam. An Introdcution) Version in Bosnian Language, Publisherd 2007, Publisher: ZALIHICA (Sarajevo/Mostar). 164 P.

ISBN: 978zalihica30











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READ ONLINE: "Almir Ibric-Transcultural Competence" | DOWNLOAD "Almir Ibric-Transcultural Competence" (PDF)


READ ONLINE: "Almir Ibric-Short introduction in Islamic prohibition of figurative art"




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Short biography: The Author Almir Ibric was born 1974 in Visegrad, Bosnia. Studies of philosophy and art history at the University of Vienna (Master degree in Philosophy 2003), Doctor degree in Philosophy (PhD) in intercultural and islamic Philosophy (ethics and aesthetics) 2006. Current position: working for Viennas's administration at the municipial department for integration and diversity (personal main theme: Islam) since 2005 and also lecturing Philosophy at Viennas University (from March 2011) and islamic history/philosophy at Johannes Kepler University in LInz(from March 2012). The author is also interested in media and art philosophy and science fiction. A.Ibric has been teaching at following institutes: UNIVERSITY OF VIENNA -FACULTY FOR PHILOSOPHY,JOHANNES KEPLER UNIVERSITY LINZ, DANUBE UNIVERSITY KREMS-department for image science, FOLK HIGH SCHOOL VIENNA, INSTITUTE FOR SCIENCE AND ART, JEWISH INSTITUTE FOR ADULT EDUCATION, CITY OF VIENNA - ACADEMY , NGO`s, and many more..









Dr. Almir Ibric